NINGDE UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK – CHINA
The Ningde UNESCO Global Geopark is located in Ningde Municipality of Northeastern Fujian Province, China. Situated among Taimu Mountains and Jiufeng Mountains, the geopark is composed of three scenic areas: Baishuiyang, Taimushan and Baiyunshan, which covers an area of 2,660 km2.
Characterized by abundant landforms of magnificent miarolitic granite, gorgeous volcanic rocks and diversified riverbed erosion, the geopark boasts its colorful geological heritages of various types, mainly including geological and geomorphologic heritage, straitgraphical heritage, petrologic heritage, geological structure heritage and hydrological heritage, etc. All these landforms complement each other and constitute a unique combination of landscapes, creating a natural geological museum in the park.
The Ningde UNESCO Global Geopark is situated in the coastal area of southeastern China, sitting in the middle portion of the Mesozoic Southeast China igneous zone which is an important component of the Pacific volcanic rim.
It is a typical area of the active continental marginal zone in the circum-Pacific belt. The Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous dacitic-rhyolitic igneous rocks are widespread in the Ningde UNESCO Global Geopark. The structure is dominated by NE-extending faults accompanied by NW- and NEE-extending ones.
The Ningde UNESCO Global Geopark offers to the visitors high quality infrastructure providing access to various landforms which have been developed on the granitic and volcanic formations such as miarolitic granite landform, volcanic landform, fluvial erosional landform, and coastal erosional landforms.
The miarolitic granite peak cluster and stone egg landform in the Taimushan Scenic Area is the best one of its type in the coastal areas of southeastern China.
The shallow water square in Baishuiyang Scenic Area is in fact an extremely rarely seen bedrock-formed flat riverbed.
Extensive micro-landforms produced by the fluvial erosion are preserved systematically and completely in Baiyunshan Scenic Area.
With good ecological environment as the carrier and the long history culture as the connotation, the Ningde Global Geopark possesses rich scientific connotation and strong local features. It is a collection of scientific research, science and education, sightseeing and leisure.
To work out a scientific popularization plan, the Ningde UNESCO Global Geopark promotes the various activities of education and popularization of science every year. The Ningde UNESCO Global Geopark invites geologists to the schools around the UNESCO Global Geopark to give geo-science lectures. About 2,000 pupils attended the lectures over the last five years.
On the occasion of the international and national declared activity days, such as “the World Earth Day” and “National Popular Science Day”, the Ningde UNESCO Global Geopark always promotes geosciences week activities in community service. The committee of the UNESCO Global Geopark has established a long-term cooperation with the geological surveys, universities and other GGN members in China, to carry out scientific research projects and set up the related scientific practice bases for scientific researches of the under-graduate and postgraduate students.
The Ningde UNESCO Global Geopark territory has developed the accommodation, catering, travel and shopping business, which not only develops the local tourism products, but also promotes the economic development in the Ningde UNESCO Global Geopark and surrounding area.
Therefore, Ningde Global Geopark it is a comprehensive UNESCO Global Geopark with very high value of geological heritage, natural science and the humanities.
Ningde and Lesvos UNESCO Global Geoparks signed a twinning agreement which contributes to the closer collaboration among both territories aiming the enhancement of Geological heritage and the promotion of the sustainable local development based on the common geological heritage (igneous rocks – erosional and coastal geomorphology) environmental and cultural figures (plants – rododendron, relation between rocks-soils and plantation, traditional wood constructions etc).